Austrostipa variabilis –

Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect, 30–80 cm high, 1–1.5 mm diam., 1–3 -noded. Mid-culm nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringed membrane, a ciliolate membrane, 0.5–2 mm long, truncate. Leaf-blades flexuous, involute or convolute, 9–25 cm long, 0.5–4 mm wide. Surface glabrous or indumented. Apex attenuate.
Inflorescence. Inflorescence compound, an open panicle or a congested or contracted panicle, exserted. Panicle linear, 10–35 cm long, 2–3 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed, 2–3 cm long. Pedicels 2–5 mm long. Spikelets solitary. Female fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets, without rachilla extension, of 1 fertile floret with or without additional sterile florets, lanceolate, terete, 10–15 mm long, breaking up at maturity. Floret callus evident. Glumes. Glumes similar, exceeding apex of florets, thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, 10–15 mm long, 1 length of upper glume, 3 -nerved, membranous, much thinner above, without keels, acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate, 8.5–15 mm long, 5 -nerved, membranous, with hyaline margins, without keels, surface asperulous, acuminate. Florets. Fertile lemma lanceolate, 6–8 mm long, coriaceous, without keel, 3 -nerved. Lemma surface indumented, pubescent, margins convolute, lobed, awned, 1 -awned, geniculate, 50–70(–90) mm long overall, with twisted column. Column 11–25 mm long, pubescent. Palea 1 length of lemma, without keels. Anthers 3.

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Austrostipa verticillata –

Vigorous grass with branching, feathery flower heads to 1 m. Habit. Perennial. Rhizomes present, short. Culms erect, 50–100 cm high, woody. Mid-culm nodes glabrous. Lateral branches sparsely branched. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane, 2–8 mm long, membranous, truncate. Leaf-blades 1–3 mm wide.
Inflorescence. Inflorescence compound, an open panicle or a congested or contracted panicle, exserted. Panicle lanceolate, 15–60 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes, 1–5 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Female fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets, without rachilla extension, of 1 fertile floret with or without additional sterile florets, elliptic, terete, 3 mm long, breaking up at maturity. Floret callus brief. Glumes. Glumes similar, reaching apex of florets, thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, 3–5 mm long, 0.8 length of upper glume, 3 -nerved, membranous, without keels, acute or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate, 3–5 mm long, 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma, 3 -nerved, membranous, without keels, acute or acuminate. Florets. Fertile lemma elliptic, 3 mm long, coriaceous, without keel, 5 -nerved. Lemma surface indumented, pubescent, margins convolute, entire, awned, 1 -awned, geniculate, 33–53 mm long overall, with a straight or slightly twisted column or with twisted column. Column 7–30 mm long. Palea 0.5 length of lemma, 2 -nerved, without keels. Lodicules present. Anthers 3. Grain with adherent pericarp.

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Austrodanthonia bipartita –

Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect, 15–80 cm high, 1 mm diam., 4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths smooth. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat or involute, 20–30 cm long, 1–2.5 mm wide. Surface glabrous or indumented.
Inflorescence. Inflorescence simple, a panicle. Panicle lanceolate or ovate, 4–12 cm long. Primary panicle branches 2–4 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Female fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 4–7 fertile florets, with diminished florets at the apex, of 2 or more fertile florets, cuneate, laterally compressed, 9–15 mm long, breaking up at maturity. Floret callus evident. Glumes. Glumes similar, exceeding apex of florets, thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic, 9–15 mm long, 1 length of upper glume, 5–7 -nerved, membranous, without keels, midnerve smooth or scaberulous, attenuate. Upper glume elliptic, 8–13 mm long, 1–1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma, 5–7 -nerved, membranous, without keels, midnerve smooth or scaberulous, attenuate. Florets. Fertile lemma lanceolate, 2.2–3.3 mm long, chartaceous, without keel, 9 -nerved. Lemma surface indumented, pubescent, apex attenuate, lobed, incised 0.6 of lemma length, awned, 3 -awned, awn from a sinus, curved, 7–11 mm long overall, with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns present. Palea 4–5 mm long. Lodicules present. Anthers 3, yellow or orange. Grain 1.4–1.7 mm long, with adherent pericarp.

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Juncus aridicola – Tussock rush

Shortly rhizomatous perennial. Culms terete, 55-115 cm long, 1.3-5.5 mm diam., soft, grey-green, often
glaucous; culm striations 40-115; pith interrupted. Cataphylls 9-24 cm long, ± lax, abaxially yellow-brown, often pink-tinged, to red-brown at base, adaxially silvery to golden brown. Inflorescence pseudolateral, diffuse, 6-14 cm long; flowers numerous, solitary or occasionally loosely clustered; lowest involucral bract 10-40 cm long, longer than inflorescence. Tepals straw-brown, with broad hyaline margins; outer tepals 1.8-3.0 mm long, longer than or equalling inner tepals. Stamens 3 (rarely to 6), shorter than outer tepals; anthers 0.4-0.9 mm long. Capsule longer than outer tepals, ellipsoid, broad-acute to obtuse, not or scarcely apiculate, golden brown. Flowers spring-summer.

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Linum marginale – Native flax

Erect, slender plant to 60 cm. The linear to narrow-elliptical leaves are 5–20 mm long and often bluish. Bears open bright blue flowers, 1.5–2 cm in diameter, on branching stems.

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