|Author:||Marshall.||Botanical references:||11, 43, 200|
|Synonyms:||Zanthorrhiza apifolia (L’Hér.), Xanthorhiza apiifolia ((L’Hér.)Guimpel.,Otto.&Hague.)|
|Known Hazards:||The root, when taken in high doses, is potentially toxic
|Range:||Eastern N. America – New York to West Virginia and south to Florida and Alabama.|
|Habitat:||Damp woods, thickets and the banks of streams
|Edibility Rating (1-5):||0||Medicinal Rating (1-5):||2|
|Other Common Names:||From various places around the Web, may not be correct. See below.|
|Epithets:||From a Dictionary of Botanical Epithets|
|simplicissima = simplest;|
|Systematics:||From a UDSA Plants Database|
|Order: Ranunculales. Buttercup family|
|Other Range Info:||From the Ethnobotany Database|
|Us; Us(Amerindian); Us(Appalachia)|
A decidious shrub growing to 1m by 3m at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from March to April. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). We rate it 0/5 for edibility and 2/5 for medicinal use.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant prefers acid soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist or wet soil.
Habitats and Possible Locations
Woodland, Sunny Edge, Dappled Shade, Shady Edge, Deep Shade, Ground Cover.
Antihaemorrhoidal; Astringent; Stomachic; Tonic.
The root is astringent and a blood tonic
Dye; Ground cover.
A yellow dye is obtained from the root
Requires a moist acid soil in sun or part shade
Seed – best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn