|Common name:||Black Nightshade||Family:||Solanaceae|
|Author:||L.||Botanical references:||17, 200|
|Known Hazards:||There is a lot of disagreement over whether or not the leaves or fruit of this plant are poisonous. Views vary from relatively poisonous to perfectly safe to eat. The plant is cultivated as a food crop, both for its fruit and its leaves, in some parts of the world and it is probably true to say that toxicity can vary considerably according to where the plant is grown and the cultivar that is being grown
|Range:||Found throughout most of the world, including Britain.|
|Habitat:||Uncultivated and waste land
|Edibility Rating (1-5):||2||Medicinal Rating (1-5):||2|
|Other Possible Synonyms:||From various places across the web, may not be correct. See below.|
|Other Common Names:||From various places around the Web, may not be correct. See below.|
|Epithets:||From a Dictionary of Botanical Epithets|
|nigrum = black;|
|Systematics:||From a UDSA Plants Database|
|Order: Solanales. Potato family|
|Other Range Info:||From the Ethnobotany Database|
|Bahamas; Belgium; China; Dominican Republic; Egypt; France; Guiana; Haiti; Hawaii; India; India(Gujarat); Indochina; Iraq; Italy; Java; Lesotho; Malaya; Mexico; Morocco; Pakistan; Panama(Choco); Panama(Cuna); Philippines; Spain; Sudan; Trinidad; Tunisia;|
|Noxious, Invasive and Injurious Weeds||From UDSA PLANTS database, Weeds Australia , DEFRA Injurious Weeds|
|Listed as noxious/invasive for: Colorado, Minnesota.|
Annual growing to 0.6m by 0.3m . . It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. We rate it 2/5 for edibility and 2/5 for medicinal use.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil.
Habitats and Possible Locations
Fruit – cooked
- Leaves (Fresh weight)
- In grammes per 100g weight of food: Water: 86.4 Calories: 42 Protein: 4 Fat: 0.7 Carbohydrate: 7.6 Fibre: 1.6 Ash: 1.7 In milligrammes per 100g weight of food: Calcium: 210 Phosphorus: 70 Iron: 5 VitaminA: 2000 Thiamine: 0.15 Riboflavin: 0.15 Niacin: 1.2 VitaminC: 43 Source:
218Notes: The figures given here are the median of a wide range given in the report.
Antiperiodic; Antiphlogistic; Diaphoretic; Diuretic; Emollient; Febrifuge; Narcotic; Purgative; Sedative.
The whole plant is antiperiodic, antiphlogistic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, narcotic, purgative and sedative
This species has been found to be effective in removing PCB’s from the soil and detoxifying them
Succeeds in most soils
Seed – sow spring in situ. The seed can also be sown in a greenhouse during the spring if required. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant out in late spring.
- No entries have been made for this species as yet.