|Common name:||Burnet Saxifrage||Family:||Umbelliferae|
|Author:||L.||Botanical references:||17, 200|
|Known Hazards:||None known|
|Range:||Europe, including Britain, but absent from much of the south and the Arctic, to W. Asia, W. Siberia.|
|Habitat:||Fields and hedgerows in dry ground, especially on calcareous soils
|Edibility Rating (1-5):||2||Medicinal Rating (1-5):||2|
|Other Common Names:||From various places around the Web, may not be correct. See below.|
|Systematics:||From a UDSA Plants Database|
|Order: Apiales. Renamed to Apiaceae — Carrot family|
|Other Range Info:||From the Ethnobotany Database|
|Belgium; Germany; Mediterranean; Spain; Turkey|
Perennial growing to 1m by 0.6m . It is hardy to zone 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile. We rate it 2/5 for edibility and 2/5 for medicinal use.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires dry or moist soil.
Habitats and Possible Locations
Meadow, Hedgerow, Woodland, Sunny Edge, Dappled Shade, Shady Edge.
Condiment; Leaves; Seed.
Young leaves and shoots – raw. They can be added in small quantities to mixed salads or used to impart a cool aromatic flavour to cooling drinks
Antispasmodic; Astringent; Carminative; Cholagogue; Diaphoretic; Diuretic; Emmenagogue; Ophthalmic; Resolvent; Skin; Stomachic.
Burnet saxifrage has long been held in high regard as a medicinal herb, being used especially in the treatment of wounds and internally to ease digestion, soothe respiratory complaints and treat kidney and urinary diseases
Succeeds in most soils
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. If you can obtain fresh seed then it is best sown immediately. Germination rates are usually very good so it is probably best done in situ if you have sufficient seed, but if you only have a small quantity then it is safer to sow it in pots in a cold frame. Sow stored seed as soon as you can obtain it, this is probably best done in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the pot-grown seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.