|Common name:||Stone Root||Family:||Labiatae|
|Author:||L.||Botanical references:||43, 200|
|Known Hazards:||Minute doses of the fresh leaves can cause vomiting
|Range:||Eastern N. America – Ontario and Vermont to Florida, west to Wisconsin.|
|Habitat:||Rich damp woods
|Edibility Rating (1-5):||0||Medicinal Rating (1-5):||3|
|Other Common Names:||From various places around the Web, may not be correct. See below.|
|Epithets:||From a Dictionary of Botanical Epithets|
|canadensis = northeastern America; cana = grayed due to hairs;|
|Systematics:||From a UDSA Plants Database|
|Order: Lamiales. Renamed to Lamiaceae — Mint family|
|Other Range Info:||From the Ethnobotany Database|
|Turkey; Us; Us(Appalachia)|
Perennial growing to 0.8m by 0.4m . It is hardy to zone 4. It is in flower in August. The scented flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. We rate it 0/5 for edibility and 3/5 for medicinal use.
The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It requires moist or wet soil.
Habitats and Possible Locations
Bog Garden, Woodland, Dappled Shade, Shady Edge.
Alterative; Antispasmodic; Diaphoretic; Diuretic; Sedative; Tonic; Vasodilator; Vulnerary.
The whole plant, but especially the fresh root, is alterative, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, diuretic, sedative, tonic, vasodilator and vulnerary
We have a more details factsheet on the history and medicinal use of this plant. Email email@example.com for details.
Prefers a sandy peat in a moist situation but it is easily grown in ordinary garden soils
Seed – best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. The seed can also be sown in the spring, though it might be slower to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame. Plant them out in spring or early summer of their second year. Division in spring
- Leaves: Crushed
- The foliage has a strongly aromatic lemon scent.