|Author:||Guss.||Botanical references:||50, 200|
|Synonyms:||Colchicum visianii (Parl.), Colchicum sibthorpii (Baker.), Colchicum latifolium (Sibth.&Sm.), Colchicum bowlesianum (B.L.Burtt.)|
|Known Hazards:||All parts of the plant, but especially the bulb
|Habitat:||Mountainous regions in pinewood and scrub around 500 metres
|Edibility Rating (1-5):||0||Medicinal Rating (1-5):||0|
|Epithets:||From a Dictionary of Botanical Epithets|
|colchicum = Colchis, west Georgia;|
Bulb growing to 0.15m by 0.15m . It is hardy to zone 6. It is in leaf from March to June, in flower from September to October, and the seeds ripen from April to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees and flies. The plant is self-fertile. We rate it 0/5 for edibility and 0/5 for medicinal use.
The plant prefers medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires moist soil.
Habitats and Possible Locations
Woodland, Cultivated Beds, Sunny Edge.
The poisonous alkaloid ‘colchicine’ is extracted from this plant and used to alter the genetic make-up of plants in an attempt to find new, improved varieties
Prefers a rich well-drained loam that does not dry out rapidly in summer
Seed – best sown as soon as it is ripe in early summer in a seed bed or a cold frame