|Author:||(J.R.Forst.&G.Forst.)W.R.B.Oliver||Botanical references:||11, 44, 200|
|Synonyms:||Dicera serrata (J.R.Forst.&G.Forst.), Aristotelia racemosa (Hook.f.)|
|Known Hazards:||None known|
|Habitat:||Forest and scrub from lowland to montane areas in North, South and Stewart Islands
|Edibility Rating (1-5):||3||Medicinal Rating (1-5):||1|
|Epithets:||From a Dictionary of Botanical Epithets|
|serra = toothed; serrata = saw toothed;|
|Systematics:||From a UDSA Plants Database|
|Order: Malvales. Elaeocarpus family|
|Other Range Info:||From the Ethnobotany Database|
A decidious tree growing to 7.5m. It is hardy to zone 8 and is frost tender. It is in flower in May. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Bees and insects. The plant not is self-fertile. We rate it 3/5 for edibility and 1/5 for medicinal use.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.
Habitats and Possible Locations
Woodland, Sunny Edge.
Fruit – raw or cooked
Antirheumatic; Ophthalmic; Poultice.
Antirheumatic, ophthalmic, poultice
Charcoal; Dye; Wood.
Yields a blue/black dye
Prefers a slightly acid, moderately fertile well-drained soil in full sun with shelter from cold drying winds
Seed – sow spring in a greenhouse. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Once the plants are at least 20cm tall, plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Consider giving them some protection from the cold for at least their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame